The ideal diet of the elderly person should be wholesome and nutritious. It should have carbohydrates, proteins, fats, mineral & vitamins apart from dietary fibre. They should also take plenty of water. It does not matter whether it is a vegetarian or non-vegetarian diet.But they should be able to chew their food which could be easily digested.
An Ideal sample diet is given below:
1 cup = 200 ml, 1 Tsp = 5 ml.
1 cup of coffee / tea
Idly-3 (medium) or Chappathi-2 or Pongal-1 1/2 cups
or Uppuma-1 1/2 cups or Bread-4 slices
Sambhar- 3/4 cup or Chutney-1/2 cup
Egg-white-1 or Apple-1
Milk-3/4 cup or Buttemilk-1cup or Soup-1 cup or
Fruit juice-1 glass or Veg.Salad-1 serving.
Cooked Rice-1 1/2 cups or Chappathis – 3 (Med)
Dhal-1/2 cup or Sambhar-3/4 cup or Chicken Curry with 2 pcs
or Fish curry with 1 pc.
Rasam, Curd -1/2 cup or Buttermilk-1 cup
1 cup of coffe / tea
Sundal-1/2 cup or Biscuits -2
Idly-3 nos or Chappathi – 2 or Cooked rice-1 1/2 cup.
Others same as lunch. 1/2 cup vegetables can be taken instead of greens.
1 cup of Milk
One should keep in mind that elders with high BP , high Cholesterol levels, heart disease, obesity or other problems should alter their diet accordingly.
Many elders do not have a full complement of teeth. What is the dietary advice for them?
People who have lost their teeth should try to wear artificial dentures. When they don’t, they begin to take liquid or semi-solid food. This decreases the nutritional value of their diet. Where there is a genuine difficulty in chewing, then the food can be chopped fine (vegetables). Some types of food can be put into a blender. Milk, Paneer, Egg-white, soft raw fruits like banana, papaya, cooked apples and fruit juices can be given. Well-cooked and minced chicken or well-cooked fish can be taken by non-vegetarians. Finely chopped raw vegetables and soups can be given. For those not suffering from a sugar problem, ice-creams, jellies and puddings can be given.