What is an ideal diet for the elderly?

The ideal diet of the elderly person should be wholesome and nutritious. It should have carbohydrates, proteins, fats, mineral & vitamins apart from dietary fibre. They should also take plenty of water. It does not matter whether it is a vegetarian or non-vegetarian diet.But they should be able to chew their food which could be easily digested.

An Ideal sample diet is given below:

1 cup = 200 ml,  1 Tsp = 5 ml.

Early Morning

1 cup of coffee / tea

Breakfast:

Idly-3 (medium) or Chappathi-2   or Pongal-1 1/2 cups

or  Uppuma-1 1/2 cups or  Bread-4 slices

Sambhar- 3/4 cup or Chutney-1/2 cup

Egg-white-1  or  Apple-1

Mid-Morning:

Milk-3/4 cup  or  Buttemilk-1cup  or  Soup-1 cup  or

Fruit juice-1 glass  or Veg.Salad-1 serving.

Lunch:

Cooked Rice-1 1/2 cups  or  Chappathis – 3 (Med)

Dhal-1/2 cup  or  Sambhar-3/4 cup  or  Chicken Curry with 2 pcs

or Fish curry with 1 pc.

Rasam, Curd -1/2 cup or  Buttermilk-1 cup

Greens-3/4 cup

Tea:

1 cup of coffe / tea

Sundal-1/2 cup or  Biscuits -2

Dinner:

Idly-3 nos  or  Chappathi – 2  or  Cooked rice-1 1/2 cup.

Others same as lunch. 1/2 cup vegetables can be taken instead of greens.

Bedtime:

1 cup of Milk

One should keep in mind that elders with high BP , high Cholesterol levels, heart disease, obesity or other problems should alter their diet accordingly.

Many elders do not have a full complement of teeth. What is the dietary advice for them?
People who have lost their teeth should try to wear artificial dentures. When they don’t, they begin to take liquid or semi-solid food. This decreases the nutritional value of their diet. Where there is a genuine difficulty in chewing, then the food can be chopped fine (vegetables). Some types of food can be put into a blender. Milk, Paneer, Egg-white, soft raw fruits like banana, papaya, cooked apples and fruit juices can be given. Well-cooked and minced chicken or well-cooked fish can be taken by non-vegetarians. Finely chopped raw vegetables and soups can be given. For those not suffering from a sugar problem, ice-creams, jellies and puddings can be given.